Here are the interesting comments leading up to the philosophical questions:
arthurdenture made a statement about values:
I value the right for sick people not to die from treatable illnesses due to unemployment more than I value your or my right to abstain from a particular government service.
I kindly told him he was wrong:
In this case, your current values are wrong. I'm hoping that I can convince you of that because you're my friend and if you have better values then you'll have a better life :)
athena328 asked why:
David, could you please explain what your values and morals are that lead you to think that Jacob's are wrong? Personally, I find my morals and values to be more in line with Jacob's (the right for people with treatable illnesses not to die because they can't pay rather than my right to abstain from government services), but maybe I don't understand your values that support your conclusions. Besides, most of Jacob's arguments seem pragmatic rather than value based.
My top values are freedom, my life, and the lives of my friends and family.
To me, freedom means being able to act without being influenced by the threat of force from other humans. Freedom is about being liberated from oppressive human forces; freedom is not about being liberated from the realities of what is needed to live on Earth.
Freedom is important because it allows us to live as humans. We're not fast, we don't have fangs, we don't have protective fur coats. The only way for a human to live is by thinking with his mind. When you restrict freedom, you restrict the mind because you limit the options available to it. You restrict the mind's abilities to find the best ways to live. When you go further and enslave a man, you shut down his mind entirely and reduce him to a tool of muscular labor.
I don't want to go in the direction of slavery and service to the government. I want to go in the direction of freedom and unrestricted intellect.
My value of freedom does not conflict with the other two values I listed: my life, and the lives of my friends and family. Freedom is the best way to achieve a good life, and a life as a slave is barely worth living.